Strict flower beds in the shade
Regular style provides no less room for flower design than a variable and vibrant landscape design. Orderliness and rigor do not always mean boredom or lack of variation in plant combinations. Rather, quite the contrary: the play of lines, forms, a special rhythm expand the available options to almost limitless. But they come to the fore in completely unexpected flower beds, the most “problematic” of all strict compositions - in flower beds in the shade. In these secluded places of the garden there is a chance to experiment and create unique ensembles.
- Flower beds, as an option for decorating the shaded places of a regular garden
- Plants for a shady flower garden according to their growing conditions
- All attention is on the contrast and texture of plants
Flower beds, as an option for decorating the shaded places of a regular garden
No matter how varied the possibilities of decorating magnificent lawns and carpet flower gardens, rock gardens and rockeries, ponds and ceremonial flower beds, without large plants, and therefore shady areas, you can not do without arranging your garden. After all, a flat design is so predictable and boring!
The northern sides of buildings, decorative skeletal plantings, a fruit garden, hedges and fences protecting from prying eyes, a family tree, favorite pergolas or arches with vines - all these and many other objects not only bring revival to the vertical structure of the garden, but also serve as a source the shadows. And often under the most favorite trees the shadow is so intense that it seemed that there was no question of a colorful or at least interesting design in these places.
But the secluded corners of the garden, places with shading and intense shadow are not a source of problems, but opportunities, a chance to create a unique individual design. It is better not to find a place to relax from gardening. Yes, and more secluded than those sites where such a complete sense of security and comfort would reign, the garden is no longer there. The arrangement of all shaded areas should be approached in a special way. And the first thing to think about is the style of the garden.
In landscape trends of landscape design and modern styles, you can decide on any experiments, using imitation of wildlife, and ground cover plants, and arrays. But here in the design of places with shading in the garden, where regular style reigns, one has to face the problem of selecting and placing plants. Indeed, wild thickets are not for such sites.
In the shade, you can break interesting variations of the corners for relaxation, mazes, walking alleys and zones. But you should not refuse from flower beds; oddly enough, they can be arranged in places with a dense shadow. In secluded places flower gardens always turn out to be special: given that almost always they are decorated in a natural or natural style, any strict version will look exclusive and unique, it will become a “highlight” and the pride of the garden.
Each gardener perceives flower beds in the shade as a real challenge. And only professional designers love the design of shady areas even more than ordinary, well-lit ones. After all, it is here, where the conditions are not too suitable for most of your favorite flowering plants, you get the opportunity to experiment, to show your imagination, and your taste, and your character.
Moreover, the design in the shading of luxurious flower beds is not an impossible task at all, requiring any special secret knowledge that is accessible only to professionals. It all comes down to the right choice of plants and their combination. If you study the characteristics of cultures and observe some rules, you can achieve significant success in this matter.
Plants for a shady flower garden according to their growing conditions
Even where weeds, it would seem, do not want to grow, luxurious flower beds can be broken. After all, plants that like the shade are not so few. Of course, the assortment of shade-loving and shade-tolerant crops is significantly inferior to sun-loving ones. And dominant among them is not flowering, but decorative leafy cultures. But this does not hurt to create a flower garden that you can admire, corresponding to the style of your garden and its features.
Before undertaking the selection of plants, first of all, you need to determine the conditions themselves. Shading can be different - from simple partial shade, when plants at least several hours a day in the morning or in the evening still receive direct sunlight, to a really dense shade.
According to the lighting characteristics, conditionally all shady flower beds are divided into several categories:
- Broken in heavy shading - on the north side of the house or buildings, under densely growing trees and old massive bushes;
- Areas with light or uneven shade - under the canopy of delicate shrubs and trees, with unequal shading, partially hidden behind buildings or objects of small architecture, on the north side of screens or supports with vines, etc .;
- Plots illuminated in the morning or eveningbut shaded for the rest of the day.
In the first case, they choose not just shade-tolerant, but shade-loving cultures, distinguished by their special stamina and unpretentiousness. In the second, their list can be replenished with those plants that can tolerate the shadow, but not too thick, diffused light. But with the third type, you can plant almost all plants that grow not only in the sun, but also in partial shade.
No less attention should be paid to the soil, which will determine which plants can grow on your site, and with what crops it will be possible to equip a flower garden.
Here, the critical parameter is soil moisture. The thing is that the overwhelming majority of shade-loving species combine this main trump card with their moisture-loving nature. On sandy and sandy loamy soils, they do not feel well enough.
But still there are plants that can be content not only with moist soil, but also with drier and lighter soils. And for the rest, if you are not lucky with humidity, you will have to carefully consider the possibility of organizing additional watering. And when planting, the soil can always be improved by adding clay soil, which will make the soil more moisture-resistant.
Best plants for heavily shaded flower beds with dry soils:
- elecious magnificent;
- European hoof;
- heart-shaped tiarella;
- lily of the valley;
- tenacious creeping;
Best plants for highly shaded flower beds with moist soils:
- dark geranium;
- black cohosh;
- male thyroid;
- oak anemone;
- pure majestic;
- drainage cornflower;
The best plants for flower beds in light or uneven shade:
- sweet woodruff;
- Melissa officinalis;
- spring umbilical.
The best plants for flower beds that are lit by the sun in the morning or evening:
- grassy and tree peonies;
- kittens, etc.
These lists are not closed, but continuing each other: plants that are reconciled with a strong shadow can be used on any other shaded flower beds, and lovers of a light shadow - on illuminated areas, etc.
All attention is on the contrast and texture of plants
At first glance, the list of plants for regular shady flower beds lacks crops that could bloom plentifully and for a long time, and the main blooming stars for heavily shaded flower beds bloom mainly in spring. But shade-tolerant plants still have their advantages:
- texture and expressiveness of foliage forms;
- the ability to create contrasts in the shape of the growth of the bush and the type of structure;
- richness of leaf colors;
- ability to maintain decorativeness throughout the season.
It is a game of textures that allows you to call shadow flower gardens one of the most interesting in their capabilities. Contrasting with each other, suggesting, finally, to pay attention to the beauty of the leaves and use all the talents of plants, strict flower beds embody the principle of deep contrasts. In the shade, you can create stunning transitions and the effect of orderliness even when planting plants that would seem to be completely landscape.
Crops with large leaves, a pronounced ornamental pattern and an interesting habit bring into the flower gardens the very strict structure, and “placeholders” gently close the plantings and create a background against which the main stars simply glow. In strict flower gardens in the shade, they rely on noble forms and textures, on contrast both forms and colors.
Strictly, stylishly, modestly and aristocratically, with unexpected accents and an ordered, almost geometric structure - this is what regular flower gardens should look like in the shady part of the garden. They have their own mystery and magic, they shine, shine, make you take a fresh look at the beauty of leaves and shades of colors, captivate with the mystery and atmosphere of secrecy. And to create such flower beds even from the simplest plants is amazingly easy.
Contrast of leaves and bringing order thanks to the correct selection of visually sharply differing textures - this is the main goal when designing a strict flower garden in the shade.
To create the effect of strict ordering on the flowerbed, it is not necessary to use initially strict plants. The main thing is the placement of accents and the selection of partners for them. Large solo cultures with the expressive shape of leaves and shrubs surround with a stunted background, contrasting with them and representing all the advantages of greenery in the most advantageous light.
If the flower garden is with a one-sided view, then grading must be observed from a high background and medium-sized plants in the middle - to a low foreground. On two-sided or viewed from several sides flower beds, plants are placed with a visual "peak" or the highest line in the middle, from which they lead to a decrease in height.
When breaking down the flower garden, repeated planting motifs must be used: crops should be staggered or “dashed”, symmetrically and at the same distance, creating a strict pattern or ornament, lines and “dots” in which they will be clearly visible even after years.
When breaking down the flower garden, 2-3 plants of the following categories are selected:
- high or massive background volumetric cultures (for example, rogers, volzhanka, astilbe and cornflower);
- medium-tall or tall, strict growth-shaped accents (for example, daylily and ferns);
- undersized strict foreground accents (hosts, heichera and Co.);
- placeholder plants (periwinkle, tenacity, hoof, ivy);
- partners who are contrasting to the soloists, who are called to shade their beauty according to the color of the leaves and blooming accents (for example, primrose, daffodils, hellebore, mint or lemon balm).
In practice, everything is simple. Volzhanka vulgaris and catchment cornflower - large perennials for creating not only the background, but also the arrangement of vertical visual “peaks”. They are lacy and massive, perfectly contrast with large-leaf soloist cultures, the placement of which in strict alternation will achieve the effect of a complete order.
You can add Rogers and ferns to your companions. The latter today became leaders among the soloists for arranging shaded places in regular gardens: planting not in groups, but one at a time, as an accent, at an equal distance, allows not only to reveal the filigree beauty of these ancient plants, but also their full potential in a regular style.
With both cultures - openwork giants and large-leaved soloists - the narrow foliage of daylily in lush curtains will contrast. The carved and lanceolate leaves are confronted by the ornamental beauty of the surprisingly neat host bushes and their huge leaves.
Fern or daylily perfectly shade and completely different in character, bright in color and velvety basal rosettes primrose, and an evergreen carpet of noble periwinkle or ivy.
The placeholder plants will have to be controlled, held back by pruning, if they get out of the overall strict picture. Accents in the foreground, strict "spots" with ease will create heichera.
To make the regular flower garden look as flawless as the ceremonial flower beds in the rest of the garden, you need to take care of the details. For a rigorous design, it is preferable to use decorative mulch (at least bark), so that there is not a single free area of soil and no "untidy" details.
Such a purely decorative measure will greatly simplify the care of the flower garden. In addition, you can emphasize the ordering of planting with the help of decor - lamps placed at the same distance or a garden sculpture, several small potted plants.