How to achieve summer flowering of hippeastrum?
One of my favorite indoor plants is hippeastrum. For some reason, everyone stubbornly calls it amaryllis, although this is a completely different plant. It usually blooms in spring, in April-May, but with good care, the hippeastrum can please you with flowering in August. After all, it happened to me more than once. In this publication, I will tell you how to achieve re-flowering of the hippeastrum in the summer, and how it differs from its close relative, amaryllis.
- Why is hippeastrum not amaryllis?
- My hippeastrum care secrets
- Hippeastrum breeding
Why is hippeastrum not amaryllis?
More than once I heard how even flower growers with many years of experience confidently call hippeastrum amaryllis. It happens, and vice versa, but for some reason less often. Probably because it was my favorites who had long squeezed amaryllis from the windowsills. After all, the popularity of the latter is minimal today, unlike hippeastrum. But still, how do these plants differ?
Firstly, those indoor flowers called amaryllis belong to the genus Amaryllis. It includes only one species - Amaryllis belladonna. And hippeastrum belong to the genus Hippeastrum, which includes about 80 species of bulb. That is, initially hippeastrum and amaryllis are different plants, if only because they belong to different genera.
Secondly, the stems of the amaryllis are dense, and their "doubles" are hollow.
Thirdly, they differ in the number of flowers: hippeastrum produces up to six flowers, and amaryllis - up to 12.
And finally, amaryllises bloom in the fall, and hippeastrums in winter and spring.
But, as I said earlier, with proper care of hippeastrum, you can achieve repeated flowering in August. How - read on.
My hippeastrum care secrets
To achieve the summer flowering of the hippeastrum, I transplant the bulbs into the soil, which consists of equal shares of turf, leafy soil, humus and sand with the addition of superphosphate.
For details on transplanting hippeastrum see our video.
My hippeastrum live on a bright window, on the darkened from it is unlikely to wait for flowering. Their large tapeworm leaves are regularly wiped with a damp cotton swab, and if it's hot, I spray them from the spray gun. In the summer I take it to fresh air and dig pots into the ground. And this is probably the main condition that my hippeastrum blooms repeatedly.
After summer flowering, I take them back to the house. In late autumn, closer to winter, plants enter a dormant period. In autumn, I reduce the watering of hippeastrum, in winter I almost stop it. And only from time to time I wet the earthen lump.
Until the flower arrow appears, I keep the plants that have dropped their leaves in a cool room or in a room on the floor, away from batteries. I resume active watering in the spring with the appearance of a flower arrow.
And one more important point - top dressing of a hippeastrum. Don't bloom without them. In the summer at least every 10 days I water with a weak solution of mullein. Since mid-June, I have been alternating it with phosphorus-potassium top dressing (2-3 teaspoons of superphosphate and 1 teaspoon of potassium salt in a bucket of water).
I propagate hippeastrum by children, who appear almost every year in every adult healthy bulb. Transplanting, I separate them and put each in a separate pot. With good care, they bloom in 2-3 years.
Once, with great difficulty, I acquired a bulb of an interesting variety of hippeastrum. Yes, here's the trouble - she froze, and her bottom began to rot. It was a pity to throw out, and I decided to take a chance - I planted it in a light nutrient soil (leaf humus with a fair amount of coarse sand). And after 4 months, 24 onions of the hippeastrum sat in a pot: large and small. So, not only did I not lose, but I multiplied a variety that was valuable to me.
Author: Anna Levina.