5 blooming perennials of August for the brightest end of the season
August may inspire a little sadness - autumn, followed by a long winter, is already on the doorstep, and her breath is clearly felt in the air. But the flower beds are still full of multicolor, and their color scheme creates an atmosphere of warmth and joy. The rich palette of August flower gardens mainly consists of yellow, orange, and crimson tones. And it seems as if the garden has become warmer and more sunny. What flowers must be planted in flower beds, so that they brighten up the inevitable departure of summer with flowering?
1. Gelenium autumn
The very name of this flower indicates that the beginning of its flowering is almost autumn. At the end of summer, gelenium blooms numerous inflorescences, consisting of cheerful sunny daisies.
The color palette of this flower varies between yellow and shades of crimson. Velvety petals are surrounded by spherical dark brown “buttons”, covered with gold pollen, very attractive to butterflies and other insects.
Old varieties have high powerful bushes and medium-sized baskets. Their color is usually bright yellow or red brown. Breeders have created numerous varieties with larger flowers, increased terry, and also having different shades of orange, yellow, burgundy and their combinations. In addition, more compact and stunted forms appeared for the front or middle plan of the flower garden.
Breeding work also led to the fact that Gelenium ceases to be a symbol of the approaching autumn, as new varieties begin to bloom much earlier than traditional cultivars - in July.
If you like charming chamomile inflorescences of this flower, then it is advisable to have both novelties and traditional cultivars in the garden. Such a combination will prolong the total flowering time of Gelenium in the garden for a long time.
Of the new varieties, it is worth paying attention to the series Maryache (‘Mariachi’), which is primarily distinguished by low growth. From tall look at such varieties as ‘Red Jewel’, ‘Helena Red’, ‘Helena Gold’, ‘Double Trouble’, Chelsea other.
Exotic lovers will love the new original Gelenium variety "Autumn Lollipop", the flowers of which are numerous yellow-brown "cones". Due to the fact that inflorescences of this variety are devoid of lateral reed flowers ("petals"), they are a bit like lollipops and look very organically in flower beds of a natural type.
Features of growing geleniums
In order to grow and bloom well, Gelenium needs an open sunny place and moderately fertile soil. These flowers will not grow in wetlands, but most require a moisture-resistant substrate, as well as watering in the dry period.
In this regard, when planting delenoks, make a little compost in the soil, which in addition to nutrition will also help increase the moisture capacity of the substrate.
It is best to divide gelenium in the spring, autumn delenki can die in the case of a snowy winter. A small snow cover and frequent thaws can be fatal for adult bushes of Gelenium, so it will be useful to mulch the plants for the winter.
In most gardeners, aconite is associated with white-purple aconite napellus, which is most often found in gardens. The flowering time of this species of aconite is June-July. But the vast genus aconite also offers other varieties with later flowering.
Toward the end of summer, such species of aconite bloom as aconite Fisher and aconite Arends. During flowering, Fisher aconite produces attractive vertical spike-shaped inflorescences consisting of lavender-blue flowers. Flowering species lasts from late summer to early fall.
Very few flowers of the blue-violet range bloom during this period, and the appearance of such shades at the end of summer is a real pleasant surprise. Like other types of aconite, each flower of aconite Fischer has the shape of a small helmet or hood and looks very original.
This species has strong stems that do not require garter. Deeply cut, dark green, glossy foliage provides attractiveness of the flower in the first half of summer, when the plant is not blooming.
Arecons aconite is a hybrid of Wilson and Fisher aconites. The species forms powerful, but compact bushes, up to 100 centimeters high. Large flowers, collected in persistent spike-shaped inflorescences, have a rich deep blue-violet color.
In a sunny place, Arends aconite most often blooms in late August closer to early September. But depending on weather and climatic conditions, the flowering time may be shifted. For example, during partial shade, flowering is usually later, so this type of aconite is often called autumn.
The best neighbors for aconites: astilbe, hosts, Volzhanka, geraniums, ferns, black cohosh, autumn anemones, rudbeckia, chrysanthemums.
Attention! All parts of aconite are poisonous! When ingested or in contact with juice with mucous membranes, it can cause various undesirable effects from skin irritation to heart and respiratory failure (up to death). Always wash your hands after handling aconite. It is also imperative to warn children about its toxic properties.
Features of growing aconite
Aconite is put up with all types of soil, including poor and dry soil. But nevertheless, for better growth when planting in the landing pit, it is recommended to add mineral fertilizer or compost.
When watering in the dry period, aconite develops better in the sun, but partial shade (4-6 hours of direct sunlight per day) is also ideal for the growth of this plant. When choosing a location, avoid windy places, otherwise the plants will have to be tied up.
Astilbe will ideally decorate shady flower beds with fluffy bright panicles. Coloring of flowers varies from white, pink and dark red to pale lavender and violet. This flower is very attractive to butterflies and other beneficial insects.
There are many different types of astilbe. As a rule, they raise their plumage-like inflorescences above the carved dark green foliage in mid-summer. However, among the rich variety of varieties you can find those that will decorate the garden just in anticipation of autumn.
Such late-flowering varieties in particular include the unique Astilba Color Flash - The first cultivar to have original red foliage that changes color throughout the season. This variety blooms with pink panicles in August-September.
Other popular late flowering astilbe:
- Visions in red - lilac inflorescences, blooms July-August;
- Spring Break Party - raspberry-pink panicles, flowering July-August;
- Ostrich Feathers - blooms from mid-late July to autumn, unique drooping inflorescences;
- Augustlechten - red flowers, flowering - August;
- ‘Moerheimii’ - creamy white drooping brush blooms in August-September.
When choosing astilba for the end of the summer season, it should be borne in mind that the most late-flowering varieties are usually cultivars of the Thunberg astilbe and bloom in August-September and sometimes later. Other astilbe hybrids usually bloom in July, but still continue to bloom in August.
In order to extend the period of admiring astilbe in the garden, it is advisable to select flowers from both groups, as well as add early flowers that bloom in early June.
Features of growing astilbe
Like most perennials, astilbe look most impressive in groups of three or more plants of the same variety. Astilba feels best in partial shade, but will also grow in almost complete shadow.
In cool climates, most varieties of astilbe can tolerate the sun all day long with regular watering. Astilba should be planted in well-drained soil, which in this case will remain slightly moist throughout the growing season. Prolonged drought will easily destroy astilbe. Adding compost to the planting hole will improve the soil and enhance its ability to retain moisture.
Astilbe are relatively slow-growing plants and will bloom for many years before the need arises to divide the bush. After planting, be sure to mulch the soil around the plants in order to reduce moisture loss in the root zone.
4. Black cohosh (tsimitsifuga)
A hardy perennial plant, which, in addition to decorative foliage, is valued for abundant flowering. Tiny fluffy flowers form giant ears, so that during flowering the black cohosh height can exceed two meters. Due to its scale and expressive appearance, this plant occupies a central place in shady gardens in late summer.
Long peduncles can be either straight or slightly curved. Due to the fact that the flower consists exclusively of stamens, the black cohosh inflorescences look very original and resemble bird feathers or brushes for cleaning bottles.
Flowering begins from late July to early August and lasts until late autumn. The sweet aroma of black cohosh flowers acts like a magnet on insects, while they are an excellent source of nectar for bees and butterflies. Black cohosh varieties are distinguished by the shape and color of foliage, height, as well as a shade of inflorescences.
- Black cohosh "Brunette" - Luxurious dark chocolate foliage with a purple tint contrasts perfectly with the white fragrant flower ears that appear in late summer or early fall. Sometimes spikelets are pinkish. The variety can reach a height of up to 1.5 meters.
- Black cohosh "Atropurpurea" is the highest among varieties with purple leaves. In flowering form, the height can reach two meters. When blooming, this variety has a very dark openwork purple foliage that turns green over time. Flowering begins in August and lasts for three weeks. Ears of bright white color.
- Undersized black cohosh japan (Actaea japonica, var. Acerina), whose height is from 60 to 80 centimeters, are one of the lowest representatives of the genus and therefore are suitable for shady corners in small gardens and small flower gardens. Their blooming candles are very fluffy and compact.
Features of growing black cohosh
Black cohosh prefers moist, slightly acidic, rich soil. Without proper soil and light, the plants remain stunted and may not bloom. Black cohosh will grow remarkably in shady places, but can cope with the full sun if the soil is moist.
At the same time, only well-drained places are chosen for black cohosh, since it quickly dies in marshy conditions. Ideally plant black cohosh in full shade or partial shade.
If the edges of the leaf blade or the whole leaves of the cimicifuga begin to turn brown, this indicates that the plant receives too much sun or not enough water.
Black cohosh is a long-liver, but at first it develops slowly, and may not bloom in the first year after planting. If the soil in your garden is dry or sandy, put a large amount of well-rotted compost into the hole before planting the delenki. After planting for black cohosh, mulching is also very useful.
Goldenrod is widely known among the people under the name "mimosa" due to the similarity of its fluffy bright yellow inflorescences with bouquets of mimosa. Goldenrod are very attractive to bees and butterflies during flowering, which lasts from August to autumn. After flowering, pretty fluffy silver panicles are formed in place of the flowers, which can be used in dry bouquets.
This flower is considered a malicious weed. Its weightless seeds scatter easily behind the wind, and the rhizome spreads to the sides. Therefore, the cultivation of species goldenrod is best avoided altogether.
But the traditional Canadian goldenrod has some interesting hybrids that cannot be considered weeds, because they have no tendency to spread as aggressively as a species plant.
Solidago hybrid "Golden Dwarf" (‘Golden Dwarf ’) - a low-growing variety that does not grow above 40 centimeters, while flower panicles have a length of about 15-17 centimeters. Flowering begins in August and continues until late autumn.
Hybrid Goldenrod Solar Cascade (‘Solar Cascade’) - a solidago with a very original appearance. Differ in long drooping yellow inflorescences. Due to the similar arched shape of the bush, the habitus is a bit like barberry. At the same time, the stems grow vertically, and the inflorescences stretch to the sides and slightly wilt. Flowering begins in August. The variety is tall and grows 1.5 meters tall.
In addition, there is such an interesting variety of goldenrod as solidaster. This is a natural spontaneous hybrid of ptarmicoid aster and solidago proper. In appearance, the flowers of the solidaster are similar to the tiny stitches of “September”, only uncharacteristic for the asters of light yellow color. This hybrid looks more interesting and attractive than goldenrod, and is also unpretentious.
Features of growing solidago
The goldenrod is so stable that, being a native of America, it is easily "wild" in Europe and is currently settled in Russia. The plant grows well on medium, slightly acidic, moderately fertile, well-drained soils in sunny places. It also tolerates light partial shade.
Most often, the plant is not affected by insects pests or diseases, although in some years it is susceptible to rust, powdery mildew and other leaf spotting. On poorly drained soils, root rot may occur.
Sometimes goldenroots are unfairly accused of causing allergic reactions to “hay fever,” which actually develops on the pollen of other plants (primarily ragweed) carried by the wind, blooming simultaneously with solidago.