The best annual honey plants
They got the bees. So, you need to provide them with a melliferous base. Moreover, different plants provide different quality of honey. For example, sunflower honey has an amazingly yellow dandelion hue and is quickly sugared. Linden honey has a special texture ("yak fat!", According to a familiar beekeeper) - it is fine-grained, even after crystallization it remains soft. Acacia honey is liquid, transparent, the color of lemon juice and is not sugared for almost two years. But buckwheat is dark, has a specific sharpness and is sugared for six months.
It is clear that it is possible to provide pure linden honey on your own land only if you are lucky to settle next to huge linden massifs, you can’t do without one tree. Just like two sunflowers sticking out in the middle of the beds, the weather will not. Nevertheless, it is possible and necessary to make a feasible contribution to the production of honey by sowing and planting suitable plants. The more diverse the nectar, the more beneficial the honey.
Annuals will give the fastest result, for example, phacelia (Phacelia), which is also green manure. Planting phacelia in tree trunks doesn’t hurt anyone, and bees are happy.
Openwork foliage looks nice, lilac flowers, which appear a month and a half after sowing and will appear another 4-7 weeks, provide the bees with glamorous blue “panties” (foot band, pollen on their hind legs) and light honey with a delicate grassy smell.
Phacelia of centimeters grows to 50, sowing and cultivation are not difficult. Often it is grown as green manure, planted in the soil a week after the start of flowering. So, if you can convince the neighbors of the usefulness of sideration, the bees will also get nectar and pollen from there.
I sow fatselia in two terms - in April on empty beds, where I then plant seedlings of pepper and eggplant. Phacelia will be cut and serve as a mulch. The second sowing is in July after garlic and onions. This year, she sowed potatoes after the harvest - let it grow! They dig a potato here (in the Kuban) at the beginning of August, the phacelia has enough time to bloom.
Of the siderates, mustard (Sinapis)very melliferous (especially white). It grows quickly, blooms for a month, flowers secrete nectar in the temperature range +20 ° С ... + 30 ° С, even late in the evening. Although the bees visit them mainly in the morning.
A good plant - you can eat the leaves, plant the stems in the soil, collect the seeds and use in the kitchen. But decorativeness is not very. Mustard honey is beautiful, light yellow, with bitterness and a light aroma, crystallizes quickly. Bees also take pollen willingly, acquiring lemon-yellow “panties”.
Buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum) Is a fast-growing and long-flowering annual. Green buckwheat can be bought in the store, it sprouts in a day. Blooms a month after germination and blooms a month.
She has her own vagaries: good nectar release only in warm and humid weather, so bees do not even look at buckwheat in the heat. But if the weather is suitable, then they are pleased to acquire yellow-green trimmings on buckwheat and turn nectar into a delicious aromatic brownish honey.
Buckwheat can also be grown as a green manure; I have sown it on a bed that has become empty after garlic. It does not represent any decorative value, unlike phacelia. It looks a bit scruffy, therefore, immediately after flowering, I cut everything and left it in the garden, throwing grass on top of mowed grass. In general, I prefer the “two in one” options, or better, the “five in one” options: that is, to make it bloom nicely, it generally looks decorative, honey plant, aroma to be, siderat, spicy, medicinal or edible.
Another of the annuals deserves attention sunflower (Helianthus) A strong honey plant, its cheerful faces sticking out at a height of two meters, by themselves raise their spirits. And there will be seeds.
Honey, as already mentioned, is very sunny, but quickly crystallizes. However, this is true for industrial apiaries exported to sunflower fields, and a dozen plants will simply add their aroma and sunny color to the harvested honey.
Pumpkin (Cucurbita) wonderful in every way:
- during the season, processes any waste into compost, covering everything unsightly with ornamental leaves;
- extremely tasty in jam, compote, mashed potatoes, stew, fried, baked and raw; sunflower seeds are healthy, healthy and tasty;
- Looks nice on kitchen cabinets;
- stored until spring;
- indispensable material for creative work with children.
By the way, if you don’t like pumpkin, you can grow decorative varieties - both kids and adults are very happy about it.
And the pumpkin quickly braids an unsightly vertical surface. It takes a lot of space, but we "let out" the lashes for the fence. There, orange pumpkins hung gracefully from a neighbor of a jerusalem and from a mountain ash in the green zone.
With all these advantages, pumpkin is a good honey plant. The flowers are large, bright, emit a lot of nectar in the morning, and the bees fly with pleasure on them. Pumpkin honey is yellow and crystallizes quickly.
Also good as honey plants cucumbers and zucchini. Acceptable - watermelons and melons.
Spicy honey plants
Coriander (Coriandrum sativum) - a good honey plant. Coriander lovers are friends of bees, unlike cilantro lovers who eat everything clean and keep the plants from blooming. During flowering, coriander releases so much nectar that the inflorescences are covered in tiny droplets.
But bees are not particularly willing to go on coriander flowers because of the pungent odor. Beekeepers know this and take apiaries to clean coriander fields, leaving the bees no choice.
Brownish coriander honey, crystallizes relatively quickly, but not completely, remains ductile. He has a special aroma, as if with medicinal herbs and a caramel flavor. Very useful honey, but it is unlikely that the bees will go to the flowers if there are other options. Although there they are waiting for exclusive "panties" in purple.
Snakehead (Dracocephalum) a pretty plant with blue-violet (or white) flowers, looks decorative in the array and bees like it. And not only to bees - it has fragrant leaves with a smell of lemon and lemon balm. It looks very decorative and has medicinal properties - including, it prevents hair loss.
With May sowing, it will bloom from mid-summer to September. At the same time, white-flowered forms secrete more nectar. Snakehead honey is transparent, has a delicate lemon aroma and tart flavor, and does not crystallize for a long time.
Dear readers! Of course, this is not the whole list of annual honey plants, but only those that will bring other benefits on the site. But industrial rapeseed, saffron milk, very melliferous, I found no other use.