Ficus Benjamin at home
Ficus Benjamin (Ficus benjamina) - a houseplant from the genus Ficus of the Mulberry family (Moraceae) The birthplace of this species of ficus is India, East Asia, northern Australia, China. It is an evergreen tree with gray-brown bark, which has thin shoots. The leaves have an oblong-oval shape with a pointed apex, 4 to 12 cm long, glossy, alternating. In the wild, Benjamin's ficus grows to 25 m in height.
This species of ficus is named Benjamin in honor of the British botanist Benjamin Daydon Jackson.
Conditions Required for Growing Benjamin Ficus
Ficus Benjamin is kept at a temperature of 25 ° C in summer and 16 ° C in winter. When the content of ficus should not be allowed sharp temperature drops. Ficus Benjamin is also very difficult to tolerate hypothermia.
In winter, this plant needs to provide additional illumination and spraying. Light depends on the room temperature - the higher the temperature, the more light.
Ficus Benjamin will feel great in a bright place, shaded from direct sunlight. With insufficient lighting, ficus leaves may fall, and growth will slow down.
It is also sensitive to changes in lighting, it is especially difficult to undergo moving from bright greenhouses to dark rooms, so smooth preparation of ficus Benjamin is often carried out for use at home. In winter, it is desirable to provide the plant with additional illumination.
Variegated varieties of ficus Benjamin require better lighting than varieties with green leaves.
Benjamin Ficus Care at Home
Watering Ficus Benjamin
For ficus Benjamin, you do not need to set an accurate watering schedule, because many external environmental factors can affect their moisture consumption. Watering the plant is necessary only if necessary, so you should constantly monitor the earthen lump.
In watering ficus there are several nuances that need to be taken into account. For example, in winter, excess moisture is dangerous for Benjamin's ficus, while in summer you need to protect it from a lack of water. Therefore, in the summer, watering should be plentiful, but the ground should dry out a little before the next watering.
Ficus Benjamin transplant
If the earthen lump is braided by roots, the soil dries quickly after irrigation, and roots come out of the drainage holes, it is time to transplant the plant. This is usually done in spring or autumn. Young plants are transplanted every year.
This procedure is simple. The plant is removed from the pot, the upper soil is removed, the earthen lump is placed in a new pot, and fresh soil is added. After the transplant, the root system goes through a period of adaptation, in which the growth of Benjamin's ficus slows down. Often this happens when the new pot is too large.
Ficus Benjamin Fertilizer
If Benjamin's ficus is grown using traditional land mixtures, it is fed with various mineral or organic fertilizers in the spring and summer about twice a week. In winter, Benjamin's ficus does not fertilize.
During the period of active growth, they contain fertilizers with a high nitrogen content for good leaf growth, in winter - on the contrary, with a lower content so that the ficus does not grow with a lack of light. Also, ficus does not require feeding during the first two months after transplantation, as the new soil contains all the necessary nutrients.
Breeding Benjamin Ficus
Ficuses of Benjamin are propagated by apical cuttings with leaves. If you place such cuttings in water on a sunny window and often change the water, then after a certain period of time, roots will appear on it.
You can also propagate ficus by rooting cuttings in raw sand.
In case of loss of foliage by Benjamin's foliage, it can be renewed by propagation by air layers.