Mallow - the annual queen
The flowers and leaves of forest mallow are rich in mucus, and therefore, have long been used in the form of infusion as an enveloping and anti-inflammatory agent. From flowers get dye for wool and wine. Malva meluca (Malva meluca) gives a coarse fiber, suitable for the manufacture of ropes, ropes, hemp; its seeds contain semi-drying oil.
MallowLatin - Malva, folk - mallow, stock rose, fist.
About 30 species of this genus, growing in the temperate climate of Europe, Asia, North Africa and North America, are characterized primarily by the fact that they have a three-leaf subtle, five-divided cup, five petals and gynoecium, consisting of many carpels; the ovary is multi-nested, in each nest there is one ovule; the fruit breaks up into achenes. Cultivated as an ornamental plant.
Mallow is an annual, less often two- and perennial herb, with a lying, ascending or straight stalk, first fluffy, and later bare, 30-120 cm high. The leaves are petiolate, round-heart-shaped, with 5-7 lobes or incised, pubescent .
Flowers 1-5 in the axils of the leaves; very few types of inflorescences have brushes. The petals are deeply recessed, oblong - obovate, pink, with 3 dark longitudinal stripes. It blooms from June to August.
The roots are long, branched.
The fruit is a polysperm.
Mallow growing requirements
The soil: loose, well-drained, rich in humus (loam).
A place: sunny. In open areas it is necessary to tie up. The plant is resistant to drought, does not like stagnation of water.
Sowing: for seedlings in the greenhouse in May-July; or in open ground at the end of June. Seeds are scattered on the surface, slightly sprinkled with soil. In late August, planted in the ground.
Landing distance 60 cm.
Watering: moderate, regular.
Top dressing: annual application of humus and compost 3 kg per 1 square. m
Using: for lawns, for decorating southern walls and fences, as well as for cutting.
It grows well in the sun, but tolerates partial shade, although it loses in brightness and height. To protect the plant from the wind, you need to tie the stems to a high peg.
The stem rose needs systematic loosening of the soil and fertilizing with phosphorus-potassium fertilizers. Watering is recommended once a week. Watering should be plentiful and make sure that the water does not stagnate.
The stem rose propagates by seeds. You can sow them at the end of summer, then the plant will bloom next year. Sow seeds in early spring. In this case, by autumn, small juicy green bushes grow, which remain to winter under the snow.
For the winter, annual plantings of stem roses are covered with dry foliage, spruce spruce branches or mulched with peat, sawdust, humus. The next year they grow rapidly and bloom in the middle - the end of July.
Some experts recommend planting stem-rose seeds for seedlings in late February - early March. According to them, in this case, the plant manages to bloom before the end of summer and pleases with its bloom all of August, September and, if autumn is warm, October. So, it turns out in bloom and Indian summer.
To get seeds from such late flowers, the branches are cut and then kept simply with a dry bouquet, in which the seeds ripen. Stem-rose seeds retain viability for 2–3 years.
Growing through a greenhouse is also possible. Seeds with this method are sown in late May. Shoots appear in two weeks.
Seedlings are dived as soon as two true leaves grow, spacing 15-20 cm apart
Propagation by sowing seeds in open ground or cold greenhouses in May-June. For sowing, seeds of a two-year shelf life should be taken, since they have better germination.
Planting in place is carried out in August-September, maintaining a distance between plants of 50 cm. Varietal groups, the flowering of which is possible in the first year, are sown for seedlings in early March, in May they are planted in place. In the middle lane they winter during light shelter with spruce spruce branches and tree leaves. When digging and landing, it is necessary to maintain a lump of land with fleshy roots. Only under this condition will the mallow quickly grow and bloom well.
Diseases and Pests
Struck by rust. In this case, yellow or red-brown spots and pustules appear on the inner side of the leaves; on the outside - bright spots; leaves fade and fall. Remove the affected parts of the plant immediately; if the disease spreads, destroy the plant. For 2 years do not plant mallow in this place.