The best indoor plants for container compositions in the garden
In the summer, many flower growers take out pots with indoor plants to the balcony or take with them to the cottage. Some of them can become a worthy decoration of the garden, forming harmonious compositions along with popular annual plants. Today it is fashionable to use indoor plants as a highlight of container compositions. In this article, we will consider how to do it correctly and most effectively, as well as determine the best indoor plants for decorating the garden in the summer.
Lantana, a close relative of verbena, is an evergreen shrub that is popular in indoor and tub culture, and can be grown in open ground on the Black Sea coast. Medium-sized nail-shaped flowers of lanthanum are collected in corymbose inflorescences, the main highlight of which is the ability to change color as they bloom. For example, yellow turn orange, or lemon turn pink, so that the flowers look multicolored.
In flower compositions, lanthanum is used as the original verbena understudy. Lantana does not look too elaborate and exotic, its iridescent inflorescences will look great both in mono-plantings, and will create a harmonious ensemble with petunia or caliber purple, pink and white tones.
Upright tall varieties of lanthanum are planted in the center of the cache-pot, and specimens with slightly falling shoots can be used as an ampel. In such a case, the center of the composition can be a massive decorative foliage plant, for example, coleus.
The only drawback of lanthanum is the abundant fall of faded flowers, which does not cause particular problems in the garden, but when planting on the balcony, you should be prepared for the fact that lantana slightly "litter".
Features of Lanthanum Care in the Garden
Lantana is very hardy and quickly adapts to street conditions. Best flower develops in sunny places or in light partial shade with moderate watering.
For better branching, the tops of the stems should be nipped periodically. On the balconies, this plant is often affected by a whitefly, so it is important to detect the pest in a timely manner and treat it with insecticides.
Lantana is responsive to fertilizer application and will respond to it with blooming, so you can safely fertilize the annuals adjacent to it in the recommended dose.
From November to February, it is better for the plant to provide a rest period. During this period, the bushes are very moderately watered and contain at a temperature of + 12 ... + 16 degrees.
Read more about growing lantana in indoor conditions in the article Indoor lantana camara - a colorful shrub.
Types of tradescantia firmly occupied the niche of the most popular ampels grown in room culture. The endurance and unpretentiousness of these charming plants allows you to grow indoor tradescantia and as garden plants in hanging planters.
The growing popularity of container floriculture has contributed to the fact that tradescantia can often be found for sale along with annual seedlings (petunia, snapdragon, balsam, etc.), since it successfully sets off the brightness of variegated inflorescences and decorates the edges of the flower pot with a flowing waterfall of flexible stems.
Especially popular in container gardening small-leaved tradescantia and tradescantia gibazis (gibasis geniculata) Both species have very small, in comparison with classical tradescantia, leaves, due to which these crumbs will decorate flower arrangements even in the smallest flower pots and will not cover neighboring plants with foliage.
At the tradescantia gibazis, small snow-white flowers on long peduncles, reminiscent of snow fluttering in the air, serve as an additional decoration. Small-leaved tradescantia and gibazis will add originality to any floral arrangement. But it’s better not to plant miniature forms of this plant near annuals, also having the ampelic nature of growth, since they can hide tiny leaves of such tradescantes underneath.
The best neighbors for these plants are bushy forms of petunias, caliberhoa, alissum, dwarf snapdragon and balsam.
Features of caring for tradescantia in the garden
Tradescantia develops best on well-drained, moderately fertile soils. In varieties with variegated leaves (rheo, zebrin), excessive dressing can lead to fading, so it is better not to plant such species with perennials requiring regular use of fertilizers.
In autumn, it is important to timely bring tradescantia into the premises, since lowering the temperature below +10 degrees negatively affects the plants.
Tradescantia is a partial shade plant, and sunflower is not the best place to place this flower. But species with brightly colored leaves for several hours in direct sunlight will benefit. Too thick a shadow is also not desirable, as this leads to the fact that the stems are stretched.
Some species of ivy can winter successfully in open ground, provided they provide dry air shelter. But most indoor varieties with different colors and shapes of leaf blades are more thermophilic and move to the garden only during the summer months.
In container compositions, ivy can be used in two ways. First of all, this is a very spectacular ampel plant, whose flexible shoots will form a beautiful cascade. Although theoretically the length of the ivy trunk can reach several meters, this vine grows slowly, so it will look neat and will not cause much trouble. In addition, ivy is not aggressive and will never interfere with neighboring flowers and obscure them from light.
The best partners for ivy are begonias, balsamines (Waller and New Guinean), pelargonium and catharanthus. Ivy is not too tender a plant, in flowerpots it can be combined with other ampels, such as dichondra or loosestrife.
Another option for using ivy is as a vertical accent of frame compositions, where vines can be given any shape using wire structures (ring, obelisk, or even a sphere or animal figures). At the foot of such living sculptures, low bushy flowering plants (nemesia, alissum, caliberhoa, stunted bells, etc.) are planted.
Features of indoor ivy care in the garden
Compositions with ivy should not be planted in open sunny places without the slightest shading. It has been observed that varieties with large leaves with a golden pattern are more prone to sunburn, so they require a longer adaptation period and penumbra location. Small-leaved varieties without a pattern or with a white pattern are more hardy and will tolerate direct sunlight for several hours a day.
Ivy does not need special feeding, but the nutrients that it will receive when fertilizing its container neighbors will not have a negative effect on the vine.
Ivy does not tolerate drought and excessive air dryness. In the summer heat, it is advisable to spray the plant regularly, and in the cache-pot, do not allow the complete drying of the earthen coma.
Adult dracaena are multi-stemmed trees of an exotic appearance and, from the point of view of landscape design, they are very difficult to fit into a familiar middle-sized garden.
But young specimens of many types of dracaena are rosettes of linear leaves of variegated color and they are often used as vertical accents in container compositions as an alternative to perennial cereals.
Dracaena easily propagates by rooting the cut tops, so you can rejuvenate a plant that has too long balding stems from age, and at the same time decorate the garden.
Given the tropical appearance of this houseplant, it is better to select the same sultry southerners with an eccentric appearance, for example, begonia, katarantus, dwarf terry zinnia or Novo-Guinean balsam, as companions in dracaena Such flower mixes will bring a little subtropical notes to the garden and allow you to feel like on vacation in exotic countries.
Features of Dracaena Care in the Garden
Compositions with dracaena should be placed in partial shade. Despite its southern origin, dracaena will suffer greatly in a too sunny place, and sunburn will appear on the leaves.
At low air humidity, dracaena may dry out the ends of the leaves, which will negatively affect the overall appearance of the composition. Therefore, in the dry period, it is necessary to periodically arrange dracenes of showers from warm water. In the summer heat, watering should be regular and plentiful, but stagnation of water is unacceptable, and containers with dracaena must have drainage holes.
In autumn, the dracaena is returned to the windowsill, without waiting for the night temperature to drop below + 10 ... + 12 degrees.
For a long time, coleus was considered exclusively as a houseplant. But over time, breeders received whole groups of varieties that are easily reproduced using seeds in a seedling manner.
Moreover, the richest variety can be found precisely among the so-called “vegetative” coleuses, which are propagated exclusively by cuttings and do not set seeds.
Such coleuses feel great in room culture, but the true splendor of their multi-color coloring is revealed when grown in the garden. During the winter, these plants build up strong bushes, which will serve as a reliable basis for any composition of annual flowers.
Among annuals, there is no such plant that could not form a harmonious duet with coleus, it is only important to consider the principles of color combinations that are well known to designers.
For example, in the company of yellow coleus, it is recommended to plant plants blooming with red, purple or orange flowers. Coleus varieties of raspberry blossoms go well with inflorescences of yellow, pale pink blossoms, and pastel lavender, lemon and blue tones accent the original orange coleus.
The popular Coleus + Petunia duo is a win-win option that will be a stable decoration of your garden from mid-May until the first frost.
Read more about growing room coleus in the article Return of room coleus, or New life of decorative nettles.
Features of caring for coleus in the garden
The requirement of coleus for illumination largely depends on the particular variety. Most cultivars with variegated foliage tolerate bright sunlight, which makes the color of leaf blades more expressive. But in shady places, the color of the foliage most often turns pale. However, prolonged sunshine from morning to evening is not the best condition for coleus and often it leads to the appearance of burns.
It is recommended to arrange compositions with coleus so that the plants receive several hours of direct sun, however, they are protected from it in the midday heat. Coleus needs regular watering in the heat, otherwise the plant will quickly lower the leaves, but when watering, the turgor will certainly recover.
The nutrients that the plant will receive when feeding neighboring summers will positively affect the color of the foliage and the general tone of the plant. To maintain a compact shape at the coleus, it is important to pinch the tops of the shoots and peduncles.
Other indoor plants that are suitable for use in garden container compositions: fuchsia, pelargonium, fittonia, sansevieria, alocasia, mandeville, oleander, date palm, hibiscus, cyperus, citrus, adenium, ficus other.
Rules for planting indoor flowers in garden compositions
The most important rule is to gradually accustom plants to outdoor conditions. To do this, pots with plants should be taken outside for several hours a day, gradually increasing the level of illumination. Only after indoor flowers get used to new conditions can they be planted in flowerpots and arranged with annuals.
In the same way, plants are gradually preparing to return to the apartment, gradually reducing the level of illumination, for example, rearranging flowerpots under a canopy.
It is best to plant compositions with indoor plants in early June, when the threat of return frosts is completely over.
Equally important is the selection of neighbors in a pot for indoor plants. In this regard, it is worth considering both the general style that the appearance of the plant will determine, and the requirements for the conditions of detention.
Most houseplants come from tropical countries, and if their partners are flowers associated with a temperate flora, this can cause a feeling of disharmony. It will be best if other “southerners” settle next to potted flowers.
Plants with special requirements for the conditions of maintenance, irrigation regime and soil type should be planted in a container with a pot. For example, cyperus, which in the West is often used as an original accent in the composition, needs constant hydration, which may not be pleasant to its flowering neighbors.
Watering indoor plants is important to carry out only with warm, settled water. Using ice water from a well or well will be a huge stress for home flowers.
Before returning indoor flowers to the house, it is important to inspect them for pest infection. Whitefly, thrips and spider mites at home will multiply at double the speed, so it is important to timely process and prevent them from entering the premises.
What house plants are not recommended to be taken to the garden
The most delicate indoor plants that require special conditions of detention, as a rule, are the owners of pubescent leaves (uzambar violets, gloxinia, streptocarpus etc.)
Too bright sunlight and moisture on the foliage will not only spoil the appearance of such green pets, but also can lead to rapid death of plants. Therefore, when sending these house residents for the holidays, it is important to be responsible in choosing their location.
For such plants, it is necessary to organize places under a canopy to protect against rainfall and sheltered from direct sunlight. Such indoor flowers are unsuitable for creating container mixes.